This is Music Theory 404. The very basic for music theory. This is a certified program
from the California Music Conservatory.
61 - Tuplet
A number of notes of irregular duration are performed within the duration of a given number of notes of regular time value; e.g., five notes played in the normal duration of four notes; seven notes played in the normal duration of two; three notes played in the normal duration of four. Tuplets are named according to the number of irregular notes; e.g., duplets, triplets, quadruplets, etc
62 - Larghissimo 24 or under
very, very slow (24 bpm (beats per minute in a 4/4 time) and under.
63 - Dotted Bar Line
Subdivides long measures of complex meter into shorter segments for ease of reading, usually according to natural rhythmic subdivisions.
64 - Tablatura
For stringed instruments it is possible to notate tablature in place of ordinary notes. In this case, a TAB sign is often written instead of a clef. The number of lines of the staff is not necessarily five: one line is used for each string of the instrument (so, for standard 6-stringed guitars, six lines would be used). Numbers on the lines show which fret to play the string on. This TAB sign, like the percussion clef, is not a clef in the true sense, but rather a symbol employed instead of a clef. Similarly, the horizontal lines do not constitute a staff in the usual sense, because the spaces between the lines in a tablature are never used.
65 - Time Signature 9/8
The bottom number represents the note value of the basic pulse of the music (in this case the 4 represents the crotchet or quarter-note). The top number indicates how many of these note values appear in each measure. This example announces that each measure is the equivalent length of three crotchets (quarter-notes). For example, 3/4 is pronounced as "three-four time" or "three-quarter time".
66 - Grave 25 - 45
very slow (25–45 bpm). In very sad music, or slow songs.
67 - Arpeggiated Line
A chord with notes played in rapid succession, usually ascending, each note being sustained as the others are played. It is also called a "broken chord", or Arpeggiated Chord.
68 - Staccato
This indicates the musician should play the note shorter than notated, usually half the value, the rest of the metric value is then silent. Staccato marks may appear on notes of any value, shortening their performed duration without speeding the music itself.
69 - First Ending
A repeated passage is to be played with different endings on different playings; it is possible to have more than two endings (1st, 2nd, 3rd ...).
70 - Largo 40 - 60
broadly (40–60 bpm). Is also a very slow tempo. Many classical music use this tempo.
71 - Mordent
Upper - Rapidly play the principal note, the next higher note (according to key signature) then return to the principal note for the remaining duration. In most music, the mordent begins on the auxiliary note, and the alternation between the two notes may be extended. In handbells, this symbol is a "shake" and indicates the rapid shaking of the bells for the duration of the note. Lower - Rapidly play the principal note, the note below it, then return to the principal note for the remaining duration. In much music, the mordent begins on the auxiliary note, and the alternation between the two notes may be extended.
72 - Glissando
A continuous, unbroken glide from one note to the next that includes the pitches between. Some instruments, such as the trombone, timpani, non-fretted string instruments, electronic instruments, and the human voice can make this glide continuously (portamento), while other instruments such as the piano or mallet instruments blur the discrete pitches between the start and end notes to mimic a continuous slide (glissando).
73 - Appoggiatura
The first half of the principal note's duration has the pitch of the grace note (the first two-thirds if the principal note is a dotted note).
74 - Lento 45 - 65
slowly (45–60 bpm). This is the most popular term for slow music.
75 - Accent
Play the note louder, or with a harder attack than surrounding unaccented notes. May appear on notes of any duration.
76 - Pedal And Release
Tells the player to put the sustaining pedal down. - Release Pedal Tells the player to let the sustain pedal up.
77 - Multi Measure Rest
Indicates the number of measures in a resting part without a change in meter to conserve space and to simplify notation. Also called gathered rest or multi-bar rest.
78 - Adagietto 72 - 76
slower than andante (72–76 bpm)
79 - Coda
Indicates a forward jump in the music to its ending passage, marked with the same sign. Only used after playing through a D.S. al coda (Dal segno al coda) or D.C. al coda (Da capo al coda).
80 - Trill
A rapid alternation between the specified note and the next higher note (according to key signature) within its duration, also called a "shake". When followed by a wavy horizontal line, this symbol indicates an extended, or running, trill. Trills can begin on either the specified root note or the upper auxiliary note, though the latter is more prevalent in modern performances. In percussion notation, a trill is sometimes used to indicate a tremolo