To write music you need a staff. You can not write music in a blank piece of paper, you need lines. Five lines. The five horizontal lines is called: The Staff. The first line is the bottom, and the fifth line is the top. The staff has five lines and four spaces.
The know the name of the notes in the staff, you need a clef, or a key, The Treble Clef is the first one you will learn, and it's used for middle to high notes. The Guitar use the Treble Clef, Other instruments that use the Treble Clef are: The Violin, Flute, Trumpet, Oboe, and the right hand for the Piano.
To know the tempo, or timing of a piece, you need a Time Signature. The numbers you see here, they represent a Time Signature in four four's. The top number will tell you how many notes on each measure, and the bottom number tells you what kind of notes you need. As you learn more music you will understand these symbols better. For now just learn their name.
A Whole note last four counts. It has the shape of an oval. It's a long note, and you can write this note in any line of the staff, or in any space. Solfeo No. 1 is using only whole notes.
A whole rest last four counts. It is a dark thick line, that you place in the staff. It is hanging from the fourth line of the staff, see picture.
The double Bar Line indicates the ending of a song, or a piece of music. It's the Thick Vertical Line and the thin one. At the right side, or ending of the Staff. When you see this symbol it means that the song is finished.
The Bar Line is just one vertical line that separates the music notation. According to the Time Signature, you place a bar line, every so many beats, to divide the music in measures. This will make music much easiier to read.
The tempo, is indicated by a little note equals to certain number. The number is high or low, the higher the number the faster the music. You can count the time using a "Metronome". A machine to count time, or tempo in music.
A Half Note last two counts. This note has a little stem, going up, or it can have the stem going down. It's an oval with a stick. The half note last half of the time as a whole note.
A Half Rest last two counts. Just like a half note, a half rest take the space of two counts. but with no sound. When you see a rest, it means "silence" you play nothing, and make no sound, but you keep counting for as long as the rest duration.
A Measure is the space between two bar lines. Music is divided in measures. The size of the measure is according to the time signature. When you see a song, or a piece of music, you can always see the measures there.
There are Seven Notes in music, Do-Re-Mi-Fa-Sol-La-Si. These are the natural notes, or the white keys in the piano. Memorize the order of the notes.
To make it easy, some people change the real name of the notes, for letters, using letters instead of their name. So you have the first seven letters of the alphabet, A-B-C-D-E-F-G. Each letter correspond to one note. A = La, B = Si, C = Do, D = Re, E = Mi, F = Fa, G = Sol. You need to learn this.
A Quarter Note last one count. The quarter note is like the half note, only filled with black. So the half note is a white note, and the quarter note is a black note. In a time signature of four four, you need four quarter notes to complete one measure.
A quarter rest is a little symbol like this. And it last one count, or one beat. Each note has its own corresponding rest. A quarter rest goes in the center of the lines of the staff, see some songs and you will see a quarter rest.
The Repeat Sign looks like a double bar line, but it has two little dots. When you see a repeat sign it means that you have to play the music one more time. Usually it goes from the repeat sign to the beginning of the song.
A Bass Clef, is another clef like the Treble Clef, but this Bass Clef is used for lower sounds and instruments like the Cello, Tuba, Bass, Trombone and the left hand for the piano.
Ledger lines are tiny little extra lines that we need to write higher or lower notes in the staff. You can only have so many notes in the staff, if you need some higher notes then you may need one or two estra ledger lines or additional lines to keep writting higher and higher notes. Or lower and lower notes.
The Grand Staff is this big curvy line that you will see on the left most part of the staff, This will join two staves together to make one instrument. Like in the case of the piano, you see the Treble Clef on top, and the Bass Clef on the bottom, two staves that needs the Grand Staff to make it one instrument.
The Intervals are the distance from one note to another. When you count the distance from one note to another note, you measure that distance in "intervals" so in this picture you see a 3rd. Because from Fa to Re there are three notes (Fa, Mi, Re).
Now it's time to have your first Music Theory test. Let's see if you are learning and how much you know.