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ID06041_The_Rhythm_Clef ID06042_Allegro_121_168 ID06043_Piano
ID06044_Forte ID06045_Crescendo ID06046_Diminuendo
ID06047_Anacrusis ID06048_Sixteenth_Note ID06049_Sixteenth_Rest
ID06050_Mezzopiano ID06051_Mezzoforte ID06052_Beamed_Notes_4
ID06053_Time_Signature_24 ID06054_Andante_76_107 ID06055_Enharmonic
ID06056_Time_Signature_68 ID06057_Adagio_66_75 ID06058_Fortissimo
ID06059_Pianissimo ID06060_Sforzando Piano Card

This is Music Theory 303. The very basic for music theory. This is a certified program from the California Music Conservatory.

41 - The Rhythm Clef

The rhythm clef is good for Drums, percussions, snare drums, cymbals and any other instrument that can not have a defined pitch.

42 - Allegro 121 - 168

Allegro means "Happy" in Italian. The tempo is more or less fast, like if you are happy and you move fast, not slow. But remember, all these are just words, in order to understand music you have to feel it. So play a lot of songs that are about 121 to 168, happy songs.

43 - Piano

When you play a song, sometimes you play loud or really loud, and sometimes you play soft, or in a low sound, you use the volumen to express different emotions. Piano means "Soft" in Italian, Yes is like the name of the instrument, "Piano" so when you see a "p" you have to play softly, imagine the volumen is from 1 to 10, you will play in about 4 more or less. The dynamic symbols

44 - Forte

Forte means "Loud", in about 1 to 10 it will be about 8. In fact the name of the instrument, piano, it was originally, "pianoforte" because at that time, long time ago, it was the only keyboard instrument that actually could play soft and loud at the same time, it could play "piano forte".

45 - Crescendo

Sometimes you don't play loud or soft, rather you go from soft sound to loud sound little by little, like gradually going louder and louder, this is when you use the term, "Crescendo" or "Cresciendo" in spanish, or "Growing" the sound from soft to loud. From piano to forte.

46 - Diminuendo

Sometimes you have to play from a loud sound to a soft sound, so you are diminishing the sound, or "Diminuendo" the sound, from loud to soft, or from forte to piano.

47 - Anacrusis

A measure normally has all the beats that you need to complete a full measure, in a 4/4 time you need 4 notes, 4 quarter notes. But sometimes you just need 1 note in that measure, always in the beginning of the song. This "special measure" or incomplete measure is called "an Anacrusis" or a "Pick Up" measure. And you only have as many counts as you need, even when the measure is "Incomplete", the notes that you a re missing usually goes at the end of the song, or the last measure.

48 - Sixteenth Note

A time signature has 4 quarter notes, or 2 half notes (Notice that 4 is double as much as 2), then if you get half of 4 now you have 8. (8 is double as much as 4) so you can have 4 quarter notes, or 8 eighth notes, so the eighth notes last less time because you have more notes in the same space of time. Now if you get a smaller note then the eighth notes, you have the sixteenth notes, and you need 16 notes in the same measure, a lot of notes. each note is 1/16th of a measure.

49 - Sixteenth Rest

The same as the 16th notes, you have a symbol for the rests, a 16th rest. And it last the same as a 16th note, 1/16th of a count.

50 - Mezzopiano

About the volumen of the sound, you can have a piano or a forte sound, a soft or loud sound, in a volumen of 1 to 10 "Mezzopiano" will be about 5, more or less in the middle, not too loud, not too soft. Mezzopiano means "Middle Soft".

51 - Mezzoforte

About the volumen of the sound, you can have a piano or a forte sound, a soft or loud sound, in a volumen of 1 to 10 "Mezzoforte" will be about 6, more or less in the middle, not too loud, not too soft. Mezzopiano means "Middle Loud". Mezzoforte is a little bit louder than Mezzopiano.

52 - Group Of 4 Notes

This group of 4 eighth notes with a beam, is very popular in music, you will see it a lot, is much easier to read then if you have 4 separated notes, with a little flag.

53 - Time Signature 2/4

There are many time signatures, in a 2/4 time signature, you need two counts, each count must be 1/4. So two counts is 2 quarter notes, or 4 eighth notes.

54 - Andante 76 - 107

Andante means "Walking" this tempo is at a walking speed, A little bit slower than the Happy or Allegro tempo, but faster then the Adagio or Slow tempo. Remember that all these tempos are more or less, you need to feel the tempo, because you don't have the metronome with you all the time, you need to feel the tempo.

55 - Enharmonic

Enharmonic is a term for the same sound with a different name. Like if you have two notes, they have different name but they sound the same, tose are enharmonic notes.

56 - Time Signature 6/8

You can actually have any time signature you want, any two numbers. But of course there are some time signatures more popular than others, like the 6/8 is a very popular time signature for marching music. A 6/8 you need 6 eighth notes on each measure.

57 - Adagio 66 - 75

Slow music, romantic songs, sad melodies they all need to be slow, or Adagio, the tempo is about, 66 to 75. Adagio means "Slow". We use Italian terms for music because in Italy were the people that started to write music, and create all the symbols we use today. So a lot of Italian langauge is in music today.

58 - Fortissimo

If you want to play loud, you use the "forte" symbol, "f" but if you want to play very loud, you can use 2 "f's" instead of 1. Sometimes you can even use 3 "f's" or more. In a scale from 1 to 10 "Fortissimo" would be like about 9. When you see a fortissimo symbol you will keep playing really loud, until you find another dynamic symbol, to tell you that now you need to play softer or louder.

59 - Pianissimo

If you want to play soft, you use the "piano" symbol, "p" but if you want to play very soft, you can use 2 "p's" instead of 1. Sometimes you can even use 3 "p's" or more. In a scale from 1 to 10 "Pianissimo" would be like about 2. I have written some songs, and just for fun I wrote like abot 10 little "p" Just to make it like really soft. This is a dynamic symbol.

60 - Sforzando

Sometimes, when you play a note, you want to give more presence, or more importance to that note in particular, so you want to make an extra effort to play only this note, louder or a little bit louder than normal, so you use a "sforzando" symbol, sforzando means, extra effort. How loud more should you play the note? Well, again, you need to feel the music to answer that question all music is feelings, and how loud is up to you, but just notice that if you see that symbol, you do need to pay attention and actually play that note louder.